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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2001;28(3):199-208.
Published online September 1, 2001.
Effect of Magnesium Ion in the Culture Medium on the Development of Preimplantation Mouse Embryos In Vitro.
Soo Jin Choi, Jin Hyun Jun, Yong Seog Park, In Ha Bae
1Laboratory of Reproductive Biology and Infertility, Samsung Cheil Hospital & Women's Healthcare Center, Seoul 100-380, Korea.
2Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul 136-742, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of magnesium ion in the culture medium on the development of mouse fertilized oocytes either before or after pronuclear formation, and to investigate whether the effect of magnesium ion is related with the redistributional change of mitochondria. METHODS: Fertilized oocytes obtained from the oviducts of mice at 15 hr after hCG injection before pronuclear formation (pre-PN) or 21 hr after hCG injection after pronuclear formation (post-PN) were used. The embryos were cultured for 3 days with basic T6 medium-magnesium free and various concentrations of magnesium ion, 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 or 8.0 mM, respectively. After culture, the developmental stages of embryos and the number of nuclei were evaluated. To observe the effects of magnesium ion on the mitochondrial distribution, fertilized oocytes were collected at 21 hr after hCG injection and cultured for 6 hr with various concentration of magnesium ion. As a control, fertilized oocytes with pronuclei at 27 hr after hCG injection were used. RESULTS: The concentration of magnesium ion to accelerate the in vitro development of mouse fertilized oocytes appeared to be at 2.0 mM for the pre-PN and the post-PN stage embryos. In the mitochondrial redistribution patterns, the embryos cultured in 2.0 mM concentration of magnesium ion showed the highest percentage (22.6%) of distinct perinuclear clustering pattern comparing to other experimental group. CONCLUSION: The effect of magnesium ion may be related to the cytoplasmic redistribution of mitochondria. This relationship seems to connect the developmental competence of preimplantation mouse embryos in vitro. These results can suggest that higher concentration of magnesium ion (2.0 mM) than those of conventional culture medium (0.2~1.2 mM) is more suitable for in vitro culture of preimplantation mouse embryos.
Key Words: Magnesium ion; Culture medium; Preimplantation mouse embryos; Developmental competence; Mitochondrial distribution


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