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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 1997;24(2):187-192.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Cryopreservation of Testicular Spermatozoa using Mouse Zona Pellucida in Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Program.
Tae Kwang Suh, Byeong Gyun Jeon, Eun Kyung Ryu, Eun Sook Lee, Zae Yoong Ryoo, Sea Hwan Sohn, Jin Soo Moon, Kwang Chull Kim
Abstract
The survival rate and motility recovered after cryopreservation of testicular spermatozoa in testicular sperm extraction (TESE)-ICSl program is low. The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and efficiency of mouse empty zona pellucida in cryopreserving human TESE spermatozoa. Mouse empty zonae pellucidae were obtained by extraction of cytoplasm with or without cytochalasin B treatment. Motile sperm from proven-fertile donor and two azoospermic patients after TESE were individually inserted into empty zona pellucida and cryopreserved. Two to five days after cyropreservation, the frozen sperm were thawed and the rates of recovery and motility were observed. The ooplasmic extraction rates of control (N=80) and cytochalasin B treated oocytes (N=80) were 94.0% and 96.2%, respectively (p>0.05). The post-thaw recovery rates of spermatozoa and rates of motility recovery of ejaculate (N=70) and testicular (N=70) sperm were 97.1%, 97.1% and 95.7%, 94.3%, respectively (p>0.05). The results of this study showed that the mouse zone pellucida is useful for cryostorage of single testicular spermatozoa.


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