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 Original Article Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 1985;12(1):83-98.
 CHANGES OF THE CONCENTRATIONS OF STEROID HORMONES IN THE PORCINE FOLLICULAR FLUIDS ON ATRESIA Young-Keun Lee, Yong-Dal Yoon Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences Hanyang University 돼지여포의 퇴화과정 중 여포액 내 스테로이드 호르몬 양의 변화 이영근, 윤용달 한양대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과 Abstract In order to study the mechanism of follicular atresia, the follicles of the porcine ovary were isolated according to the presence or absence of the corpus luteum and their size, and then classified to the normal? or atretic?follicle on the morphological observation such as the transparency, the vascularization of follicle, the nuclear phase of oocyte, and the homogeneity of the granulosa cell layer. The viability of granulosa cells was examined. The concentrations of progesterone ($P_4$), testosterone (T), and estradiol-17 beta ($E_2$) in each follicular fluid were estimated by the radioimmunoassay. The viability of granulosa cells in the atretic follicle was much lower than that of the normal one. The concentration of each steroid hormone increased as the follicular size was increased, was not different in quantity between the normal- and the atretic follicle of which diameter was below 3mm, and were much higher in the atretic follicle than those in the normal one of which diameter was above 7mm. The ratio of the concentration of E2 to T in the large atretic follicle valued higher than that in the normal one, but smaller in the small and medium atretic follicle than that in the normal one. The present study suggests that the mechanism of atresia of the large follicle may be different from that of the small and the medium follicle and that the amount of steroid hormones regarded as the one of the criteria for the atretic follicles.
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