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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 1983;10(2):25-37.
A Clinico-Horomonal and Cytogenetic Studies in Patients with Gonadal Dysgenesis
YJ Lee, YH Yang, DH Kim, YM Kim
Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecoloay, Yonsei University Colleqe of Medicine
성선 발육 부전 환자에 대한 임상 및 세포 유전학적 연구
이영진, 양영호, 김대현, 김영민
연세대학교 산부인과 교실
Abstract
As the cytogenetic developed, cytogenetic study has also developed progressively. This study is a systematical cytogenetic and clinico-hormonal analysis of 20 cases Wp.ere gonadal dysgenesis was diagnosed and deferred to the Dept. of obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University, Medical School from Jan. 1974 to Aug. 1983. Twenty patients with the diagnosis of gonada dysgenesis have been assesed as to possible correlations between clinical, homonal and cytogenic findings. The desults were as follows; l. Gonadal dysgenesis were found in 20 cases, consisting of 15 cases (75%) of turnurs syndrome, 4 case of pure gonadal dysgenesis (20%), 46. XX and 1 case of mixed gonadal dysgenesis, 45,XO/46,XY. 2. Patients with XO karyotype, turner's ryndorme, have a resonably constant clinical picture of sexual infantilism with streak gonads, short status and webbed neck. 3. 17 cases were found primary amenorhea and two cases were noted with 2 ndary amenorrhea. one case has been presented with menstruation. 4. The rudimentary streak gonads were found in 7 cases of 8 cases and one case has a rudimentary streak gonad on one side and a testis on the contralateral side. 5. The study showed that potients with gonadal dysgenesis had an average of about 4-8 times higher basal FSH and about 3-7 times higher basal LH than that of the early follicular phase of normal menstrual cycle. 6. Two cases of three gonadal dysgenesis patieats, who performed LH-RH challage test, showed that the serum FSH levels reached the maximal level at 30 min after injection of CHRH and the serum LH level reached the maximal level at 60 min ofter injection of LHRH one case showed no significant response to LH-RH injection. Thus, bu studying simultoneously the clinical, cytogenic, hormonal aspects and visualization of gonads, we have gained some practical insight into the requirements for proper disgnosis and treatment.


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