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Korean Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2009;36(4):275-281.
Published online December 1, 2009.
Effects of Administration of Oxytocin Antagonist on Implantation and Pregnancy Rates in Patients with Repeated Failure of IVF/ICSI Treatment.
Jun Woo Ahn, Chung Hoon Kim, So Ra Kim, Gyun Ho Jeon, Sung Hoon Kim, Hee Dong Chae, Byung Moon Kang
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Korea.
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of oxytocin antagonist on the outcome of IVF/ICSI cycles in infertile patients with repeated failure of IVF/ICSI treatment. METHOD: Forty patients who had experienced two or more failures of IVF/ICSI treatment without low ovarian reserve, were recruited for this prospective randomized study. All patients received controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) using GnRH antagonist multidose protocol (MDP). For the intervention group, intravenous administration of atosiban (mixed vasopressin V1A/oxytocin antagonist) started with a bolus dose 6.75 mg one hour before embryo transfer (ET) and continued at an infusion rate of 18 mg/hour. After ET, administered atosiban was reduced to 6 mg/hour and continued for 2 hours. The main efficacy endpoints were clinical pregnancy rate and implantation rate. RESULTS: Patients' characteristics were comparable in the intervention and control groups. COS parameters and IVF results were also similar. The number of uterine contractions for 3 minutes measured just before ET was significantly lower in the intervention group than control group (3.5+/-1.4 vs 8.7+/-2.2, p<0.001). While there was no statistically significant difference in the clinical pregnancy rate between control group and intervention group (20.0% and 40.0%, p=0.168), the implantation rate was significantly higher in the intervention group, with 16.9% (11/65) compared with 6.0% (4/67) in the control group (p=0.047). There were no differences in ectopic pregnancy rate and miscarriage rate between the two groups. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that administration of oxytocin antagonist during ET can improve the implantation rate probably by decreasing the frequency of uterine contractions in infertile patients undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment.
Key Words: Oxytocin antagonist; In vitro fertilization; Embryo transfer; Implantation rate


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