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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2002;29(4):259-268.
Published online December 1, 2002.
A Study of Clinical Efficacy of GnRH Antagonist (Cetrorelix) Single and Multiple Dose Protocol for Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation.
Sang Hyeon Ko, Dong Ho Kim, Do Hwan Bae, Sang Hoon Lee
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
This study was performed to compare the clinical outcomes of GnRH antagonist (Cetrorelix) single dose and multiple dose protocols for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with GnRH agonist long protocol. MATERIALS AND METHOD: From September 2001 to March 2002, 48 patients (55 cycles) were performed controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for ART using by either GnRH antagonist and GnRH agonist. Single dose of 3 mg GnRH antagonist was administered in 15 patients (17 cycles, single dose group) at MCD #8 and multiple dose of 0.25 mg of GnRH antagonist was administered in 15 patients (18 cycles, multiple dose group) from MCD #7 to hCG injection day. GnRH agonist was administered in 18 patients (20 cycles, control group) by conventional GnRH agonist long protocol. We compared the implantation rate, number of embryos, and clinical pregnancy rate among three groups. Student-t test and Chi-square were used to determine statistical significance. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in ampules of used gonadotropins, number of mature oocytes, obtained embryos between single and multiple dose group, but compared with control group, ampules of used gonadotropins, number of mature oocytes, obtained embryos were decreased significantly in both groups. Clinical pregnancy rate and implantation rate were not different in three groups. There were no premature LH surge and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in three groups. Multiple pregnancy were occurred 1 case in multiple dose group and 2 case in control group. CONSLUSIONS: GnRH antagonist is a safe, effective, and alternative method in the controlled ovarian hyperstimulation compared with GnRH agonist. Clinical outcomes and efficacy of both single and multiple dose protocol are similar between two groups.
Key Words: GnRH antagonist; Single dose protocol; Multiple dose protocol


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