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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2002;29(4):269-278.
Published online December 1, 2002.
Outcome of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Chromosome Aneuploidy and Genetic Disease.
Jin Yeong Kim, Chun Kyu Lim, In Ok Song, Keun Jai Yoo, Kwang Moon Yang, Kuk Sun Han, Kuol Hur, Ji Hong Song, Jin Hyun Jun, Dong Mi Min, So Yeon Park, Jong Young Jun, Mi Kyoung Koong, Inn Soo Kang
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
2Laboratory of Reproductive Biology and Infertility, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
3Laboratory of Genetics, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Chromosome aneuploidy is associated with recurrent abortion and congenital anomaly and genetic diseases occur repeatedly in the specific families. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) can prevent aneuploidy or genetic disease by selecting normal embryos before implantation and is an alternative to prenatal diagnosis. The aim of this study is to assess the outcome of PGD cycles by using FISH or PCR, and to determine the clinical usefulness and values in patients with risk of chromosomal aneuploidy or genetic disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1995 to Apr. 2001, a total of 108 PGD cycles in 65 patients with poor reproductive outcome were analyzed. The indications of PGD were translocation (n=49), inversion (n=2), aneuploidy screening (n=7), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (n=5) and spinal muscular atrophy (n=2). PGD was applied due to the history of recurrent abortion, previous birth of affected child or risk of aneuploidy related to sex chromosome aneuploidy or old age. Blastomere biopsy was performed in 6~10 cell stage embryo after IVF with ICSI. In the single blastomere, chromosome aneuploidy was diagnosed by using FISH and PCR was performed for the diagnosis of exon deletion in DMD or SMA. RESULTS: The FISH or PCR amplification was successful in 94.3% of biopsied blastomeres. The rate of transferable balanced embryos was 24.0% in the chromosome translocation and inversion, 57.1% for the DMD and SMA, and 28.8% for the aneuploidy screening. Overall hCG positive rate per transfer was 17.8% (18/101) and clinical pregnancy rate was 13.9% (14/101) (11 term pregnancy, 3 abortion, and 4 biochemical pregnancy). The clinical pregnancy rate of translocation and inversion was 12.9% (11/85) and abortion rate was 27.3% (3/11). In the DMD and SMA, the clinical pregnancy rate was 33.3% (3/9) and all delivered at term. The PGD results were confirmed by amniocentesis and were correct. When the embryos developed to compaction or morula, the pregnancy rate was higher (32%) than that of the cases without compaction (7.2%, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: PGD by using FISH or PCR is useful to get normal pregnancy by reducing spontaneous abortion associated with chromosome aneuploidy in the patients with structural chromosome aberration or risk of aneuploidy and can prevent genetic disease prior to implantation.
Key Words: PGD; Chromosome aneuploidy; Genetic disease; FISH; PCR


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