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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2003;30(4):341-350.
Published online December 1, 2003.
Dietary Behavior of Infertile Women In Korea.
Ji Soo Oh, Hye Ja Jung, Hyuck Chan Kwon, Won Il Park, Mi Kyoung Koong, Wha Young Kim
1Department of Nutrition, Eulji Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Major Woman's Care Center (MWC), Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eulji Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Food and Nutrition, Ewha womans University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to identify dietary factors related to infertility in Korean women through a case-control study. METHODS: The case group was composed of 236 women who had been diagnosed as infertility in hospital. The control group of 181 healthy women with children were recruited from local immunization centers. Socio-economic status, medical history, dietary intakes using food frequency questionnaire and stress were surveyed by interview. Anthropometric measurements were made and the causes of infertility were identified through medical records. Fasting blood samples were taken from subgroup of the subjects. RESULTS: The mean age of infertile and control groups was 31.1 and 32.4 years, respectively and the difference was statistically significant. The mean Body Mass Index of infertile women was not significantly different from control women, however, Waist/ Hip Ratio and Triceps Skinfolds Thickness were significantly lower in infertile women than in control women. The dietary intake status was generally satisfactory in both groups. The intakes of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, retinol, vitamin B2 and niacin were lower in infertile women than in control women. The infertile women also showed lower intakes of animal foods.No differences were found between two groups in serum concentrations of albumin, hemoglobin, Fe, TIBC, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, C3, IgA, IL-2, however, infertile women showed higher levels of Zn and IgG. The stress score was higher in infertile women. CONCLUSIONS: From the results of this study, dietary factors and nutritional status do not seem to be directly related to infertility. However, the intertile women have lower nutrient intake and lower body fat content than control women. Further researches are needed according to the causes of infertility for long term to establish the relationship between dietary factors and infertility.
Key Words: Infertility; nutrition; dietary behavior; anthropometric values
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