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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2005;32(3):207-216.
Published online September 1, 2005.
mRNA Expression of the Regulatory Factors for the Early Folliculogenesis in vitro.
Se Jin Yoon, Ki Ryeong Kim, Hyung Min Chung, Tae Ki Yoon, Kwang Yul Cha, Kyung Ah Lee
1Infertility Medical Center, CHA General Hospital, Korea.
2Graduate School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Pochon CHA University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To understand the crucial requirement for the normal early folliculogenesis, we evaluated molecular as well as physiological differences during in vitro ovarian culture. Among the important regulators for follicle development, anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and FSH Receptor (FSHR) have been known to be expressed in the cuboidal granulosa cells. Meanwhile, it is known that c-kit is germ cell-specific and GDF-9 is also oocyte-specific regulator. To evaluate the functional requirement for the competence of normal follicular development, we investigated the differential mRNA expression of several factors secreted from granulosa cells and oocytes between in vivo and in vitro developed ovaries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ovaries from ICR neonates (the day of birth) were cultured for 4 days (for primordial to primary transition) or 8 days (for secondary follicle formation) in alpha-MEM glutamax supplemented with 3 mg/ml BSA without serum or growth factors. The mRNA levels of the several factors were investigated by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Freshly isolated 0-, 4-, and 8-day-old ovaries were used as control. RESULTS: The mRNA of AMH and FSHR as granulosa cell factors was highly increased according to the ovarian development in both of 4- and 8-day-old control. However, the mRNA expression was not induced in both of 4- and 8-day in vitro cultured ovaries. The mRNA expression of GDF-9 known to regulate follicle growth as an oocyte factor was different between in vivo and in vitro developed ovaries. In addition, the transcript of GDF-9 was expressed in the primordial follicles of mouse ovaries. The mRNA expression of c-kit was not significantly different during the early folliculogenesis in vitro. CONCLUSION: This is the first report regarding endogenous AMH and FSHR expression during the early folliculogenesis in vitro. In conclusion, it will be very valuable to evaluate cuboidal granulosa cell factors as functional marker(s) for normal early folliculogenesis in vitro.
Key Words: Early folliculogenesis; Ovarian culture; AMH; FSH Receptor; GDF-9; c-kit


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