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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 1985;12(1):47-70.
An Analysis of Infertility Patients
YS Chang, JY Lee, SY Moon, JK Kim, SH Choi, YT Lim
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, College of Medicine Seoul National University
불임증(不姙症) 환자(患者)의 통계적(統計的) 고찰(考察);서울대학교병원(大學校病院) 불임상담실(不姙相談室) 1872 예(例)의 분석(分析)
장윤석, 이진용, 문신용, 김정구, 최승헌, 임용택
서울대학교 의과대학 산부인과학교실
Abstract
This study was presented of the 1,872 cases of infertile couples who visited and examined at the sterility clinic of Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Seoul National University Hospital from Sept., 1980 to Dec., 1983. Age, duration of infertility, past medical history, and other general factors were analyzed, and the factors responsible for infertility were classified and discussed. Mode of treatment, outcome of pregnancy, pregnancy rate responsible for each factor were also presented. The results were as follows: 1) The infertility was primary in 1,128, or 60.3% and secondary in 744, or 39.7%. 2) The age between 26 and 30 years of age comprised about one half of the total patients. 3) The duration of infertility between 1 and 4 years comprised about three quarters of the total patients, and the mean duration was 3.8 years. 4) The most common medical history in primary infertility was tuberculous disease, and that in secondary infertility was history of previous laparotomy. 5) About two thirds of antecedent pregnancies were abortion. 6) The major etiologic factor of infertility were male factor in 12.3%, tubal factor in 38.8%, ovulatory failure in 25.4%, uterine factor in 8.8%, cervical factor in 5.2%, peritoneal factor in 9.5%, and no demonstrable cause in 11.3%. 7) The types of male factor were azoospermia in 61.6%, oligospermia in 25.8%, low motility in 11.6%, and other abnormality in 1.0%. 8) The types of ovulatory failure were ovarian failure in 7.4%, hypothalamo-pituitary failure in 8.1 %, hypothalamo-pituitary dysfunction (including Polycystic ovarian syndrome) in 30.2%, and hyperprolactinemia in 22.4%. 9) The types of uterine factor were endometrial tuberculosis in 27.5%, uterine synechia in 33.8%, uterine anomaly in 19.7%, myoma and polyp in 9.1 %, and luteal phase defect in 9.9%. 10) The types of peritoneal factor were pelvic adhesion in 80.9% and endometriosis in 19.6%. 11) Surgeries were done in 408 patients, and they were salpingolysis, lysis of extraadnexal adhesion, salpingostomy, fimbrioplasty, ovarian wedge resection for polycystic ovarian disease, tubo-tubal anastomosis, and tubo-uterine implantation in orders. 12) 243 pregnancies were achieved during the infertility work-up, of which livebirth was 46.5%, ectopic pregnancy was 7.4%, spontaneous abortion was 7.8%, and on-going pregnancy or lost to follow-up was 36.2%. 13) Pregnancy rates in various factors were male factor in 18.7%, ovulatory factor in 31.7%, tubal factor in 24.2%, uterine factor in 34.6%, cervical factor in 19.0%, peritoneal factor in 29.0%, combined factors in 10.5%, and unexplained infertility in 37.1%. Pregnancy rate in whole patients was 25.2%.


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