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Korean Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2007;34(2):125-131.
Published online June 1, 2007.
GnRH Antagonist Versus Agonist Flare-up Protocol in Ovarian Stimulation of Poor Responder Patients.
Young Sun Ahn, Myung Jin Yeun, Yun Jin Cho, Min Ji Kim, Inn Soo Kang, Mi Kyoung Koong, Jin Yeong Kim, Kwang Moon Yang, Chan Woo Park, Hye Ok Kim, Sun Hwa Cha, In Ok Song
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center,Kwandong University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
The aim of this study was to compare GnRH antagonist and agonist flare-up treatment in the management of poor responder patients. METHODS: One hundred forty-four patients from Jan. 1, 2002 to Aug. 31, 2005 undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment who responded poorly to the previous cycle (No. of oocyte retrieved < or = 5) and had high early follicular phase follicle stimulating hormone (FSH > 12 mIU/ml were selected. Seventy-five patients received agonist flare-up protocol and 71 patients received antagonist protocol. We analyzed the number of oocytes retrieved, number of good embryos (GI, GI-1), total dose of hMG administered, implantation rate, cycle cancellation rate, pregnancy rate, live birth rate. RESULT: The cancellation rate was high in antagonist protocol (53.5% vs. 30.1%). The number of oocyte retrieved, the number of good embyos were high in agonist flare-up group. There was no statistical difference between GnRH agonist flare up protocol and GnRH antagonist protocol in implantation rate (14.5%, 10.1%), clinical pregnancy rate per transfer (29.4%, 21.2%) and live birth rate per transfer (21.6%, 18.2%). Although the result was not statistically significant, GnRH agonist flare up group showed a nearly doubled pregnancy rate and live birth rate per initial cycle than GnRH antagonist group. CONCLUSIONS: The agonist flare-up protocol appears to be slightly more effective than the GnRH antagonist protocol in implantation rate, pregnancy rate, live birth rate but shows statistically no significance. Agonist flare-up protocol improved the ovarian response in poor responders. However, based of the result of the study, we can expect improved ovarian response in poor responders by GnRH agonist flare up protocol.
Key Words: GnRH antagonist; GnRH agonist flare up; Poor responder patients


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