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Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine 2010;37(4):361-368.
Published online December 1, 2010.
Effects of Hysteroscopic Septotomy on Pregnancy in Patients with History of Infertility or Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion.
Hwa Seon Koo, Sun Hwa Cha, Kwang Moon Yang, Ju Youn Bae, Hyun Suk Ahn, Ae Ra Han, Chan Woo Park, Inn Soo Kang, Mi Kyoung Koong, Kyung Sang Lee
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Radiology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influences of uterine septum and their elimination on the reproductive outcomes in women who have history of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and/or infertility. METHODS: The medical records of reproductive outcomes in patients who have had history of RSA and infertility who were diagnosed with uterine septum only by hysterosalpingogram (HSG) between January 2008 and December 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects who have had severe male factor, tubal factors, other uterine factors, endocrine abnormalities, peritoneal factors, and abnormal karyotyping among both partners were excluded. In 27 patients, confirmation of diagnosis by laparoscopy and elimination of uterine septum by trans-vaginal hysteroscopy was done. Seventeen patients were strongly suspected to uterine septum on HSG but tried to get pregnancy without any other procedure for evaluation and management of uterine anomaly. Age matched 42 patients who have history of RSA and/or infertility and diagnosed to normal HSG finding at same period were randomly selected as control. The medical records of reproductive outcomes were analyzed and compared between groups. RESULTS: The mean time of observation after diagnosis was 21.8 months (10 to 32). 55.6% (15/27) of patients in patients who received trans-vaginal hysteroscopic uterine septotomy were success to get pregnancies and was significantly higher than that of 17 patients who did not receive proper management (23.5%, 4/17, p<0.05). In control population, 40.5% (17/42) were success to pregnancies and the differences were not statistically significant compared to both two study groups. The live birth rate which was excluded pregnancy loss by abnormal fetal karyotyping and congenital anomaly were 75% (9/12) in treated septated uterus group and 84.6% (11/13) in control group each which have no statistically significant different. In patients with septated uterus who did not receive proper management showed lower delivery rate (50%, 2/4) than that of other groups but was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: According to present data, women with a uterine septum have an increased chance of successful pregnancy with improved obstetric outcome after proper management of the uterine cavity. And these results were showed in patients with no regard to their reproductive history. But, in case of failed to receive proper management, uterine septum can affect not only pregnancy ongoing but successful pregnancy too.
Key Words: Septated uterus; Hysterosalpingogram; Reproductive outcomes


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