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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2001;28(1):13-24.
Published online March 1, 2001.
Studies of Changes of Ca2+-channels Distribution in the Activated Mouse Ova.
Yeon Soo Chang, In Ha Bae
Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
In muscle and neuronal cells, calcium channels have been classified by electrophysiological and pharmacological properties into (1) voltage-dependent Ca2+-channel(1) P/Q-type Ca2+-channel (2) N-type Ca2+-channel R(3) L-type Ca2+-channel (4) T-type Ca2+-channel (5)R-type Ca2+-channel. The present study was done in order to investigate whether there is any difference in Ca2+-channel distribution between activated and normally fertilized embryos. METHODS: The immunocytochemical method was used to identify the existence of voltage-dependent Ca2+-channels in parthenogenetically activated 2-cell embryos by ethanol and SrCl2 treatment. These 2-cell embryos were obtained by exposure to 6% ethanol for 6 min and to 10 mM SrCl2 for 2h. RESULTS: P/Q-type Ca2+ channels and L-type Ca2+-channels have been identified. Whereas, three type of Ca2+-channel P/Q-type, N-type, L-type have been identified in 2-cell embryos fertilized in vivo. CONCLUSION: Activation by ethanol was faster than those by SrCl2. However, there was difference in DAB staining of the embryos between ethanol and SrCl2 treatment (87.7% and 54.1%). Intensity of staining was also different between ethanol- and SrCl2-treated group. However, it has not been known why there was some difference in DAB staining and staining intensity in the present study.
Key Words: Parthenogenesis; Mouse oocyte; Ca2+-channel
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