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Korean Journal of Fertility and Sterility 2005;32(3):287-293.
Published online September 1, 2005.
Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Concentration in the Serum of Patients with Ovarian Cysts for Differential Diagnosis of Endometrioma.
Man Ki Kim, Yu Re Kim, Seong Hwa Hong, Yeon Jin Park, IL Woon Ji, Eun Hwan Jeong, Hak Soon Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine Chungbuk National University, Cheong-ju, Korea.
To evaluate the usefulness of serum concentrations of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) of patients with ovarian cysts for differential diagnosis of endometrioama. METHOD: From Jan. 2003 to Dec. 2004, preoperative serum MIF levels were assessed in 28 women with endometrioma, 32 with benign epithelial tumor, 23 with functional and simple cysts, 22 with benign mature cystic teratoma, and 25 women without ovarian tumor as control. MIF levels were determined using an ELISA (Quantikine Human MIF immunoassay, R&D Systems, Inc., USA). RESULTS: Mean MIF levels were higher in all groups with benign tumors than control (all p<0.01), but there was no significant difference between benign tumor groups (p=0.95). There was no significant correlation between MIF levels and tumor volume, body mass index (BMI) (p=0.635, 0.674 respectively) Serum MIF level had significant correlation with count of WBC and neutrophils (p=0.008, 0.024 respectively), but had no correlation with count of lymhocytes and monocytes (p=0.688, 0.294 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a marked increase in MIF concentrations in the peripheral blood of patients with endometrioma, but there was no significant difference with other benign tumors. Serum MIF level had significant correlation with count of WBC and neutrophils. These suggest serum MIF level has no usefulness for differential diagnosis of endometrioma from other benign ovarian cysts.
Key Words: MIF; Endometrioma; Ovarian tumor
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